Vaginal Cysts and Uterine Fibroids are more common than you thought!

Vaginal Cysts - Causes, Types, Diagnosis & Treatment | Uterine Fibroids - Signs & Symptoms, Causes, Types , Diagnosis & Treatment


Photo by Alexander Krivitskiy from Pexels

Written by Sumayyah Namusabi

Updated: 2021-02-22

Most women develop vaginal cysts and uterine fibroids at some point in their life (usually during their childbearing years). In most cases, they do not show symptoms or even ever know they have these growths.

On the other hand, some women may experience a handful of symptoms which may include abdominal pains, irregular periods or even infertility.

Let's look at them individually;

What are vaginal cysts?

Cysts are small to large sac-like lumps with air, fluid, or other substances inside them. They can grow anywhere in the body including the vagina (usually on or under the vaginal lining).

Most of the time they are benign, non-cancerous, small and don’t cause symptoms. However, they can enlarge overtime and lead to increased pain, discomfort during sex or while inserting a tampon.


Vaginal cysts develop for different reasons and may be caused by injury to the vagina through childbirth, benign tumors in the vagina, or a fluid buildup.


Diagnosis and treatment.

For a proper diagnosis, you’ll need to see your doctor or gynecologist to run an exam and additional tests to conclude on the matter.

These tests may include;

Vaginal cysts are usually monitored for changes in appearance through your routine health checkups. If cysts become infected or abscess, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics and if it enlarges and causes a lot of pain and discomfort, your doctor may recommend surgery for removal.

What are Uterine Fibroids?

Fibroids are abnormal growths that develop in or on the wall of the uterus (womb). Other medical terms for fibroids include leiomyomas, myomas or fibromas. Fibroids are almost always benign (not cancerous) and can grow as one or multiple tumors in the uterus.

Signs & Symptoms

They can sometimes become quite large and may lead to severe pains (abdominal, pelvic, back or leg pains), heavy and longer menstrual bleeding, constipation, frequent urination and difficulty to empty bladder.

These symptoms can be influenced by the location, size and number of fibroids. It is advised to see a doctor when these symptoms occur. In rare cases, further complications can affect pregnancy or cause infertility.


Causes of fibroids are unclear though researchers think that more than one factor could lead to their formation. These factors can be;


Diagnosis and treatment.

If you have symptoms of uterine fibroids, you’ll need to see your doctor to get a pelvic exam. Your doctor may order additional tests like Ultrasound and pelvic MRI for image confirmation of the fibroids.

Treatments may differ according to the size & location of your fibroids, your age or overall health. Talk to your doctor about the different options of treating fibroids. Some of them may include;

With procedures that don’t involve the removal of the uterus, there's a risk that new fibroids could form and cause symptoms.


Vaginal cysts and uterine fibroids can be pretty common among young women and the difference between the two is subtle, so it is important to get a proper medical diagnosis through an examination conducted by your doctor whenever you have the signs & symptoms mentioned above.

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